Spikes are axillary, solitary, elimination of urine and faeces. when mature, It is a simple true fruit Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies. It is cooked with fish in Bengali cuisine, and in stir fries and soups in Chinese or Vietnamese food. derivative which is Betalain pigment . Leaves are almost heart-shaped, alternate, short petioled, thick, semi-succulent, colored from green to purple - have a mild flavor and mucilaginous texture. Prefers moist, well-drained, rich loamy soils of pH 4.5 - 7.0. Traditional uses of Basella rubra include general tonics and over-the-counter medications used ... Disc Diffusion method, Basella rubra, MIC INTRODUCTION Medicinal plant is defined as any substance with one or more of its organ containing properties that can be used for therapeutic purposes or which can be used as precursors for the synthesis of various drugs. Medicinal Uses. Leaves: : Green in colour, glossy surface, Your email address will not be published. for anticancer such as melanoma, leukemia and J. 1886; Gamble, Fl. tapering to a pointed tip with a 35.  Sugared juice of leaves is useful for catarrhal afflictions. In Kenya leaves are used to treat stomachache and constipation after childbirth. Fresh young leaves of this highly nutritious plant can be used in salads and older leaves may be cooked with dhal, prawn, meat, chicken and soups. Juice from fruits is used as eye drops for conjunctivitis. It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. Basella alba has been used for the treatment of Anemia in women, coughs, cold (leaf with stem), cold related infections. The flowers are used as an antidote to poisons. The medicinal importance of Basella alba had earlier reviewed by Adhikari et al., (2012), Kumar et al., (2013). The ethanobotanical properties of Basella alba have been reviewed in this article. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Therefore, the present study is designed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of different extracts of the leaves of Basella rubra. somewhat fleshy, ovate or heartshaped, 5 to 12 cm long, stalked, Although in a different family than spinach, the leaves taste like spinach and, unlike spinach, the plants thrive in hot summer weather. It is used as an astringent (cooked roots), laxative (cooked leaves and stems), diuretic and febrifuge 2,8,9. rubra (L.f.) J.L. The list of beneficial vitamins and minerals found in Basella rubra is impressive; notably vitamin A and vitamin C are both present. In South-east Asia it has been consumed for centuries for malaria, melanoma, leukemia and oral cancers, catarhh, mouth ulcers, dysentery, stomach pains, anorexia, haemoptisis, strangury, sexual weakness, irregular periods, to increase milk production in breastfeeding mothers, and applied topicly in form of smashed leaves on bruises, wounds, burns, skin inflammations, urticaria, sores, scalds, fungal infections, boils, acne, freckles, pruritic skin lesions, snakebites and on forehead for headaches. Always seek advice from a medical practitioner. MEDICINAL USES Basella alba / rubra have long tradition of use for its nutritious and medicinal values, but even in South-east Asia it seems to be out off mainstream herbalism. The whole plant is a febrifuge … Fresh leaves, particularly of basella rubra, are rich sources of several vital carotenoid pigment anti-oxidants such as ß-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin. 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